A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health.  Physicals are required for participation in school sports and activities and some employers require a pre-employment screening.  The doctor will determine the general status of your health and can determine whether or not you are fit to participate in activities or preform the your work.  The level of  testing and examination  required during the physical is determined by the school governing body or Employer.

Why physicals are necessary

The purpose of sports physicals is to determine if a student is healthy enough to participate in sports and to minimize the risk of sports-related injuries. This exam is designed to identify any high-risk disorder or condition such as heart disease, diabetes, sickle cell trait, and asthma that might affect an athlete’s ability to play.   It also makes sure that your child is up-to-date with their immunizations: the most recent tetanus, the hepatitis B series, the chickenpox vaccine, and the measles immunization.

The goal of the pre-employment physical is to determine whether or not the prospective employee is capable of performing the physical demands of the job. These test make it possible to increase productivity by identifying candidates who would not be able to carry out the physical requirements of a particular job.  A pre-employment physical is aimed to maximize safety at the workplace, and to minimize the risk of worksite accidents.  If a physician identifies a health concern during a physical, the candidate has the opportunity to address the issue before it becomes a serious problem.  Physicals also give people information they can use when deciding whether to accept or decline a job offer.

WHAT TO EXPECT

Depending on the level of testing needed, some or all of the following may be checked:

  • measure your height
  • check your weight
  • take your blood pressure
  • listen to your heart and lungs
  • feel your abdomen
  • look in your ears, nose, and throat
  • check your eyesight
  • test how strong and flexible you are
  • urinalysis
  • hearing test
  • body mass index
  • spinal assessment