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Cuts and Bruises

Cuts and Bruises

Cuts and bruises are among the most common injuries that you can sustain. These injuries are painful and very in severity from a simple cut to a deep laceration.

Cuts (or lacerations) are caused by sharp objects penetrating the skin. Depending on the depth of the cut, bleeding often occurs. While small cuts on the upper layers of skin can be cared for at home by using proper first aid techniques like thorough wound cleansing and suitable application of sterile bandages, larger cuts that bleed profusely and leave a gaping wound require urgent medical attention.

Bruises result from hard contact with an object or a person. The impact causes an injury to the tissue below the skin , resulting in bleeding under the skin. Bruises progress from looking red, to blue or purple after a couple of hours, and turn yellow before they finally fade off.  The discoloration that appears on the skin is actually blood that has settled in the area just below the skin surface or above the muscle.

Pain and swelling caused from minor cuts and bruises usually begin to improve 2 or 3 days after an injury.  Swelling is usually gone in 7 days.  Pain may take 2 weeks to completely resolve.

When to come in for Cuts:

  • Cut is deep or gaping

  • Bleeding does not stop after 10 minutes of applying direct pressure or keeps opening up.

  • Pain is severe

  • Signs of infection develop (i.e. fever, swelling/redness/tenderness at the area)

  • Object which you cut yourself with is dirty or rusty

  • Numbness or weakness in limb beyond the wound

  • If there is something stuck in the wound

  • Wound is in face or neck
 

When to come in for bruises:

  • Bruise swells
  • Bruise does not fade within a week.

  • Bruise occurs easily or for no apparent reason